Periodontal Therapy

Periodontal Therapy Offered By Our Veterinarians in Bend, OR

What is periodontal disease?

‘Periodontitis’ refers to inflammation around the tooth. It is a bacterial infection, and is the most common infectious disease of both dogs and cats. In fact, according to the American Veterinary Dental Society, 80% of dogs and cats have some degree of oral disease by the time they are 3 years of age!

How does periodontal disease develop?

Food particles and bacteria collect on teeth and gums and, if not removed, combine with saliva to form hard tartar (or calculus) that adheres strongly to the teeth. This buildup causes gum inflammation (gingivitis) and, if not removed, progresses to the surrounding dental tissues, which is referred to as “periodontal disease”. If left untreated periodontal disease will result in severe pain, chronic infection and eventual loss of tooth.

What are the signs of periodontal disease? Periodontal disease is often “silent”, meaning many patients will hide oral pain to prevent showing weakness. However, as the disease progresses, you may notice the following signs;

- Persistent bad breath                                                                              - Pawing at the mouth

-Buildup on teeth surfaces                                                                         -Loss of appetite or stomach upset

-Gums that are inflamed (red)                                                                    -Drooling

-Bleeding gums                                                                                            -Difficulty chewing or eating

- Loose or missing teeth                                                                             - Irritability or depression 

It is important to treat and control periodontal disease for these reasons:

  • To maintain the health of the teeth and gums
  • To guard against infection spreading to other parts of the body
  • To prevent and treat oral pain

How is periodontal disease diagnosed?

Our Veterinarian serving the Bend and Redmond areas will visually evaluate your pets teeth during the physical exam, and stage his/ her dental disease to determine the appropriate dental treatment plan for your pet. The estimated cost is then determined, however, it is important to understand that the oral exam on an awake pet is very limited. It is not until your pet is under anesthesia that the full extent of your pet’s dental disease can be accurately determined, following probing of each tooth and dental radiographs.

What veterinary procedures are required to treat periodontal disease?

Treatment depends on the stage (or level) of periodontal disease. There are 4 stages, 1 through 4. Extractions are part of the treatment in stages 2 through 4, and are often the only way to control or prevent long-term infection and oral pain. Following extraction/ oral surgery, your pet will require a healing period of approximately 1-2 weeks.

All Central Oregon Animal Hospital in Bend, Periodontal Treatment Packages include the following:

  • Thorough teeth cleaning – Ultrasonic and hand scaling above and below the gum line with polishing of all tooth surfaces.
  • Full oral exam – Our Bend veterinarian will evaluate for abnormalities such as cavities, fractured teeth, oral tumors, including Complete dental charting and medical record documentation
  • Preoperative blood testing - to help recognize abnormalities that may affect your pets health while under anesthesia
  • Digital dental X-ray full mouth series- to properly diagnose, treat and evaluate disease.
  • General anesthesia with inhalant gas.
  • State of the art anesthesia monitoring performed by a Licensed Veterinary Technician.
  • Thermal warming system – to keep your pet warm and comfortable.
  • Pre-emptive pain relief injection – to help keep your pet as comfortable as possible during and after procedure
  • Intravenous catheter and IV fluid support – to help keep your pet safe by maintaining blood pressure and hydration while under anesthesia.
  • Hospitalization for the day and anesthesia monitoring. 


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